Biomedical and Translational Informatics Laboratory

Publications - 2013

  • Genetic risk factors for BMI and obesity in an ethnically diverse population: results from the population architecture using genomics and epidemiology (PAGE) study. Megan D. Fesinmeyer, Kari E. North, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Unhee Lim, Nora Franceschini, Lynne R. Wilkens, Myron D. Gross, Petra Buzkova, Kimberly Glenn, P. Miguel Quibrera, Lindsay Fernandez-Rhodes, Qiong Li, Jay H. Fowke, Rongling Li, Christopher S. Carlson, Ross L. Prentice, Lewis H. Kuller, Joann E. Manson, Tara C. Matise, Shelley A. Cole, Christina T. L. Chen, Barbara V. Howard, Laurence N. Kolonel, Brian E. Henderson, Kristine R. Monroe, Dana C. Crawford, Lucia A. Hindorff, Steven Buyske, Christopher A. Haiman, Loic Le Marchand, Ulrike Peters, Copyright (c) 2012 The Obesity Society., 21, 4, 835-846, Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), 2013 Apr, PMID: 23712987 PMCID: PMC3482415,
  • Mitochondrial DNA variation and changes in adiponectin and endothelial function in HIV-infected adults after antiretroviral therapy initiation. Todd Hulgan, James H. Stein, Bruno R. Cotter, Deborah G. Murdock, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Michael P. Dube, Mariana Gerschenson, David W. Haas, Francesca J. Torriani, 29, 10, 1293-1299, AIDS research and human retroviruses, 2013 Oct, PMID: 23944767 PMCID: PMC3785797,
  • Effects of smoking on the genetic risk of obesity: the population architecture using genomics and epidemiology study. Megan D. Fesinmeyer, Kari E. North, Unhee Lim, Petra Buzkova, Dana C. Crawford, Jeffrey Haessler, Myron D. Gross, Jay H. Fowke, Robert Goodloe, Shelley-Ann Love, Misa Graff, Christopher S. Carlson, Lewis H. Kuller, Tara C. Matise, Ching-Ping Hong, Brian E. Henderson, Melissa Allen, Rebecca R. Rohde, Ping Mayo, Nathalie Schnetz-Boutaud, Kristine R. Monroe, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Ross L. Prentice, Lawrence N. Kolonel, JoAnn E. Manson, James Pankow, Lucia A. Hindorff, Nora Franceschini, Lynne R. Wilkens, Christopher A. Haiman, Loic Le Marchand, Ulrike Peters, 14, BMC medical genetics, 2013, PMID: 23311614 PMCID: PMC3564691,
  • The influence of obesity-related single nucleotide polymorphisms on BMI across the life course: the PAGE study. Mariaelisa Graff, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Unhee Lim, Jay H. Fowke, Shelly-Ann Love, Megan Fesinmeyer, Lynne R. Wilkens, Shawyntee Vertilus, Marilyn D. Ritchie, Ross L. Prentice, Jim Pankow, Kristine Monroe, JoAnn E. Manson, Loic Le Marchand, Lewis H. Kuller, Laurence N. Kolonel, Ching P. Hong, Brian E. Henderson, Jeff Haessler, Myron D. Gross, Robert Goodloe, Nora Franceschini, Christopher S. Carlson, Steven Buyske, Petra Buzkova, Lucia A. Hindorff, Tara C. Matise, Dana C. Crawford, Christopher A. Haiman, Ulrike Peters, Kari E. North, 62, 5, 1763-1767, Diabetes, 2013 May, PMID: 23300277 PMCID: PMC3636619,
  • Systematic comparison of phenome-wide association study of electronic medical record data and genome-wide association study data. Joshua C. Denny, Lisa Bastarache, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Robert J. Carroll, Raquel Zink, Jonathan D. Mosley, Julie R. Field, Jill M. Pulley, Andrea H. Ramirez, Erica Bowton, Melissa A. Basford, David S. Carrell, Peggy L. Peissig, Abel N. Kho, Jennifer A. Pacheco, Luke V. Rasmussen, David R. Crosslin, Paul K. Crane, Jyotishman Pathak, Suzette J. Bielinski, Sarah A. Pendergrass, Hua Xu, Lucia A. Hindorff, Rongling Li, Teri A. Manolio, Christopher G. Chute, Rex L. Chisholm, Eric B. Larson, Gail P. Jarvik, Murray H. Brilliant, Catherine A. McCarty, Iftikhar J. Kullo, Jonathan L. Haines, Dana C. Crawford, Daniel R. Masys, Dan M. Roden, 31, 12, 1102-1110, Nature biotechnology, 2013 Dec, PMID: 24270849,
  • Genetic variants that confer resistance to malaria are associated with red blood cell traits in African-Americans: an electronic medical record-based genome-wide association study. Keyue Ding, Mariza de Andrade, Teri A. Manolio, Dana C. Crawford, Laura J. Rasmussen-Torvik, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Joshua C. Denny, Daniel R. Masys, Hayan Jouni, Jennifer A. Pachecho, Abel N. Kho, Dan M. Roden, Rex Chisholm, Iftikhar J. Kullo, 3, 7, 1061-1068, G3 (Bethesda, Md.), 2013 Jul, PMID: 23696099 PMCID: PMC3704235,
  • Enabling high-throughput genotype-phenotype associations in the Epidemiologic Architecture for Genes Linked to Environment (EAGLE) project as part of the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) study. William S. Bush, Jonathan Boston, Sarah A. Pendergrass, Logan Dumitrescu, Robert Goodloe, Kristin Brown-Gentry, Sarah Wilson, Bob McClellan, Eric Torstenson, Melissa A. Basford, Kylee L. Spencer, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Dana C. Crawford, 373-384, Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing. Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing, 2013, PMID: 23424142 PMCID: PMC3579641,
  • Characterization of the Metabochip in diverse populations from the International HapMap Project in the Epidemiologic Architecture for Genes Linked to Environment (EAGLE) project. Dana C. Crawford, Robert Goodloe, Kristin Brown-Gentry, Sarah Wilson, Jamie Roberson, Niloufar B. Gillani, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Holli H. Dilks, William S. Bush, 188-199, Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing. Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing, 2013, PMID: 23424124 PMCID: PMC3584704,
  • Genome wide analysis of drug-induced torsades de pointes: lack of common variants with large effect sizes. Elijah R. Behr, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Toshihiro Tanaka, Stefan Kaab, Dana C. Crawford, Paola Nicoletti, Aris Floratos, Moritz F. Sinner, Prince J. Kannankeril, Arthur A. M. Wilde, Connie R. Bezzina, Eric Schulze-Bahr, Sven Zumhagen, Pascale Guicheney, Nanette H. Bishopric, Vanessa Marshall, Saad Shakir, Chrysoula Dalageorgou, Steve Bevan, Yalda Jamshidi, Rachel Bastiaenen, Robert J. Myerburg, Jean-Jacques Schott, A. John Camm, Gerhard Steinbeck, Kris Norris, Russ B. Altman, Nicholas P. Tatonetti, Steve Jeffery, Michiaki Kubo, Yusuke Nakamura, Yufeng Shen, Alfred L. Jr George, Dan M. Roden, 8, 11, PloS one, 2013, PMID: 24223155 PMCID: PMC3819377,
  • The Electronic Medical Records and Genomics (eMERGE) Network: past, present, and future. Omri Gottesman, Helena Kuivaniemi, Gerard Tromp, W. Andrew Faucett, Rongling Li, Teri A. Manolio, Saskia C. Sanderson, Joseph Kannry, Randi Zinberg, Melissa A. Basford, Murray Brilliant, David J. Carey, Rex L. Chisholm, Christopher G. Chute, John J. Connolly, David Crosslin, Joshua C. Denny, Carlos J. Gallego, Jonathan L. Haines, Hakon Hakonarson, John Harley, Gail P. Jarvik, Isaac Kohane, Iftikhar J. Kullo, Eric B. Larson, Catherine McCarty, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Dan M. Roden, Maureen E. Smith, Erwin P. Bottinger, Marc S. Williams, 15, 10, 761-771, Genetics in medicine : official journal of the American College of Medical Genetics, 2013 Oct, PMID: 23743551 PMCID: PMC3795928,
  • Genetic variation and reproductive timing: African American women from the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) Study Kylee L Spencer, Jennifer Malinowski, Cara L Carty, Nora Franceschini, Lindsay Fern├índez-Rhodes, Alicia Young, Iona Ch Marylyn D Ritchie, Christopher A Haiman, Lynne Wilkens, Chunyuanwu, Tara C Matise, Christopher S Carlson, Kathleen Brennan, Amy Park, Aleksandar Rajkovic, Lucia A Hindorff, Steven Buyske, Dana C Crawford, 8, 2, e55258, PloS one, 1932-6203, 2013, PMID: 23424626 PMCID: PMC3570525,
  • Using BioBin to explore rare variant population stratification. Carrie B. Moore, John R. Wallace, Alex T. Frase, Sarah A. Pendergrass, Marylyn D. Ritchie, 332-343, Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing. Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing, 2013, PMID: 23424138 PMCID: PMC3638724,
  • Genome- and phenome-wide analyses of cardiac conduction identifies markers of arrhythmia risk. Marylyn D. Ritchie, Joshua C. Denny, Rebecca L. Zuvich, Dana C. Crawford, Jonathan S. Schildcrout, Lisa Bastarache, Andrea H. Ramirez, Jonathan D. Mosley, Jill M. Pulley, Melissa A. Basford, Yuki Bradford, Luke V. Rasmussen, Jyotishman Pathak, Christopher G. Chute, Iftikhar J. Kullo, Catherine A. McCarty, Rex L. Chisholm, Abel N. Kho, Christopher S. Carlson, Eric B. Larson, Gail P. Jarvik, Nona Sotoodehnia, Teri A. Manolio, Rongling Li, Daniel R. Masys, Jonathan L. Haines, Dan M. Roden, 127, 13, 1377-1385, Circulation, 2013 Apr 2, PMID: 23463857 PMCID: PMC3713791,
  • Visualizing genomic information across chromosomes with PhenoGram. Daniel Wolfe, Scott Dudek, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Sarah A. Pendergrass, 6, 1, BioData mining, 2013, PMID: 24131735,
  • A systematic mapping approach of 16q12.2/FTO and BMI in more than 20,000 African Americans narrows in on the underlying functional variation: results from the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) study Ulrike Peters, Kari E North, Praveen Sethupathy, Steve Buyske, Jeff Haessler, Shuo Jiao, Megan D Fesinmeyer, Rebecca D Jackson, Lew H Kuller, Aleksandar Rajkovic, Unhee Lim, Iona Ch Fred Schumacher, Lynne Wilkens, Rongling Li, Keri Monda, Georg Ehret, Khanh-Dung H Nguyen, Richard Cooper, Cora E Lewis, Mark Leppert, Marguerite R Irvin, C Charles Gu, Denise Houston, Petra Buzkova, Marylyn Ritchie, Tara C Matise, Loic Le Marchand, Lucia A Hindorff, Dana C Crawford, Christopher A Haiman, Charles Kooperberg, 9, 1, e1003171, PLoS genetics, 1553-7404, 2013, PMID: 23341774 PMCID: PMC3547789,
  • Generalization of Variants Identified by Genome-Wide Association Studies for Electrocardiographic Traits in African Americans. Janina M. Jeff, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Joshua C. Denny, Abel N. Kho, Andrea H. Ramirez, David Crosslin, Loren Armstrong, Melissa A. Basford, Wendy A. Wolf, Jennifer A. Pacheco, Rex L. Chisholm, Dan M. Roden, M. Geoffrey Hayes, Dana C. Crawford, (c) 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd/University College London., Annals of human genetics, 2013 Mar 28, PMID: 23534349 PMCID: PMC3743946,
  • Genomic analyses with biofilter 2.0: knowledge driven filtering, annotation, and model development. Sarah A. Pendergrass, Alex Frase, John Wallace, Daniel Wolfe, Neerja Katiyar, Carrie Moore, Marylyn D. Ritchie, 6, 1, BioData mining, 2013, PMID: 24378202 PMCID: PMC3917600,
  • Generalization and dilution of association results from European GWAS in populations of non-European ancestry: the PAGE study. Christopher S. Carlson, Tara C. Matise, Kari E. North, Christopher A. Haiman, Megan D. Fesinmeyer, Steven Buyske, Fredrick R. Schumacher, Ulrike Peters, Nora Franceschini, Marylyn D. Ritchie, David J. Duggan, Kylee L. Spencer, Logan Dumitrescu, Charles B. Eaton, Fridtjof Thomas, Alicia Young, Cara Carty, Gerardo Heiss, Loic Le Marchand, Dana C. Crawford, Lucia A. Hindorff, Charles L. Kooperberg, 11, 9, PLoS biology, 2013 Sep, PMID: 24068893 PMCID: PMC3775722,
  • Phenome-wide association study (PheWAS) for detection of pleiotropy within the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) Network. Sarah A. Pendergrass, Kristin Brown-Gentry, Scott Dudek, Alex Frase, Eric S. Torstenson, Robert Goodloe, Jose Luis Ambite, Christy L. Avery, Steve Buyske, Petra Buzkova, Ewa Deelman, Megan D. Fesinmeyer, Christopher A. Haiman, Gerardo Heiss, Lucia A. Hindorff, Chu-Nan Hsu, Rebecca D. Jackson, Charles Kooperberg, Loic Le Marchand, Yi Lin, Tara C. Matise, Kristine R. Monroe, Larry Moreland, Sungshim L. Park, Alex Reiner, Robert Wallace, Lynn R. Wilkens, Dana C. Crawford, Marylyn D. Ritchie, 9, 1, PLoS genetics, 2013, PMID: 23382687 PMCID: PMC3561060,
  • Next-generation analysis of cataracts: determining knowledge driven gene-gene interactions using Biofilter, and gene-environment interactions using the PhenX Toolkit. Sarah A. Pendergrass, Shefali S. Verma, Emily R. Holzinger, Carrie B. Moore, John Wallace, Scott M. Dudek, Wayne Huggins, Terrie Kitchner, Carol Waudby, Richard Berg, Catherine A. McCarty, Marylyn D. Ritchie, 147-158, Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing. Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing, 2013, PMID: 23424120 PMCID: PMC3615413,
  • Association of the FTO obesity risk variant rs8050136 with percentage of energy intake from fat in multiple racial/ethnic populations: the PAGE study. Sungshim Lani Park, Iona Ch Sarah A. Pendergrass, Anna M. Kucharska-Newton, Unhee Lim, Jose Luis Ambite, Christian P. Caberto, Kristine R. Monroe, Fredrick Schumacher, Lucia A. Hindorff, Matthew T. Oetjens, Sarah Wilson, Robert J. Goodloe, Shelly-Ann Love, Brian E. Henderson, Laurence N. Kolonel, Christopher A. Haiman, Dana C. Crawford, Kari E. North, Gerardo Heiss, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Lynne R. Wilkens, Loic Le Marchand, 178, 5, 780-790, American journal of epidemiology, 2013 Sep 1, PMID: 23820787 PMCID: PMC3755639,
  • Polygenic heritability estimates in pharmacogenetics: focus on asthma and related phenotypes. Michael J. McGeachie, Eli A. Stahl, Blanca E. Himes, Sarah A. Pendergrass, John J. Lima, Charles G. Irvin, Stephen P. Peters, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Robert M. Plenge, Kelan G. Tantisira, 23, 6, 324-328, Pharmacogenetics and genomics, 2013 Jun, PMID: 23532052 PMCID: PMC3767309,
  • Mechanistic Phenotypes: An Aggregative Phenotyping Strategy to Identify Disease Mechanisms Using GWAS Data. Jonathan D. Mosley, Sara L. Van Driest, Emma K. Larkin, Peter E. Weeke, John S. Witte, Quinn S. Wells, Jason H. Karnes, Yan Guo, Lisa Bastarache, Lana M. Olson, Catherine A. McCarty, Jennifer A. Pacheco, Gail P. Jarvik, David S. Carrell, Eric B. Larson, David R. Crosslin, Iftikhar J. Kullo, Gerard Tromp, Helena Kuivaniemi, David J. Carey, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Josh C. Denny, Dan M. Roden, 8, 12, PloS one, 2013, PMID: 24349080 PMCID: PMC3861317,
  • ATHENA: a tool for meta-dimensional analysis applied to genotypes and gene expression data to predict HDL cholesterol levels. Emily R. Holzinger, Scott M. Dudek, Alex T. Frase, Ronald M. Krauss, Marisa W. Medina, Marylyn D. Ritchie, 385-396, Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing. Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing, 2013, PMID: 23424143 PMCID: PMC3587764,
  • The central role of biological data mining in connecting diverse disciplines. Jason H. Moore, Marylyn D. Ritchie, 6, 1, BioData mining, 2013, PMID: 23937773 PMCID: PMC3765075,
  • Genetic variation associated with circulating monocyte count in the eMERGE Network. David R. Crosslin, Andrew McDavid, Noah Weston, Xiuwen Zh Eugene Hart, Mariza de Andrade, Iftikhar J. Kullo, Catherine A. McCarty, Kimberly F. Doheny, Elizabeth Pugh, Abel Kho, M. Geoffrey Hayes, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Alexander Saip, Dana C. Crawford, Paul K. Crane, Katherine Newton, David S. Carrell, Carlos J. Gallego, Michael A. Nalls, Rongling Li, Daniel B. Mirel, Andrew Crenshaw, David J. Couper, Toshiko Tanaka, Frank J. A. van Rooij, Ming-Huei Chen, Albert V. Smith, Neil A. Zakai, Qiong Yango, Melissa Garcia, Yongmei Liu, Thomas Lumley, Aaron R. Folsom, Alex P. Reiner, Janine F. Felix, Abbas Dehghan, James G. Wilson, Joshua C. Bis, Caroline S. Fox, Nicole L. Glazer, L. Adrienne Cupples, Josef Coresh, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Vilmundur Gudnason, Stefania Bandinelli, Timothy M. Frayling, Aravinda Chakravarti, Cornelia M. van Duijn, David Melzer, Daniel Levy, Eric Boerwinkle, Andrew B. Singleton, Dena G. Hernandez, Dan L. Longo, Jacqueline C. M. Witteman, Bruce M. Psaty, Luigi Ferrucci, Tamara B. Harris, Christopher J. O'Donnell, Santhi K. Ganesh, Eric B. Larson, Chris S. Carlson, Gail P. Jarvik, 22, 10, 2119-2127, Human molecular genetics, 2013 May 15, PMID: 23314186 PMCID: PMC3633369,
  • Low frequency variants, collapsed based on biological knowledge, uncover complexity of population stratification in 1000 genomes project data. Carrie B. Moore, John R. Wallace, Daniel J. Wolfe, Alex T. Frase, Sarah A. Pendergrass, Kenneth M. Weiss, Marylyn D. Ritchie, 9, 12, PLoS genetics, 2013 Dec, PMID: 24385916 PMCID: PMC3873241,
  • Lack of associations of ten candidate coronary heart disease risk genetic variants and subclinical atherosclerosis in four US populations: the Population Architecture using Genomics and Epidemiology (PAGE) study Lili Zhang, Petra Buzkova, Christina L Wassel, Mary J Roman, Kari E North, Dana C Crawford, Jonathan Boston, Kristin D Brown-Gentry, Shelley A Cole, Ewa Deelman, Robert Goodloe, Sarah Wilson, Gerardo Heiss, Nancy S Jenny, Neal W Jorgensen, Tara C Matise, Bob E, Jr McClellan, Alejandro Q, Jr Nato, Marylyn D Ritchie, Nora Franceschini, W H Linda Kao, 228, 2, 390-399, Atherosclerosis, 1879-1484, Jun 2013, PMID: 23587283 PMCID: PMC3717342,
  • Enhancing the power of genetic association studies through the use of silver standard cases derived from electronic medical records. Andrew McDavid, Paul K. Crane, Katherine M. Newton, David R. Crosslin, Wayne McCormick, Noah Weston, Kelly Ehrlich, Eugene Hart, Robert Harrison, Walter A. Kukull, Carla Rottscheit, Peggy Peissig, Elisha Stefanski, Catherine A. McCarty, Rebecca Lynn Zuvich, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Jonathan L. Haines, Joshua C. Denny, Gerard D. Schellenberg, Mariza de Andrade, Iftikhar Kullo, Rongling Li, Daniel Mirel, Andrew Crenshaw, James D. Bowen, Ge Li, Debby Tsuang, Susan McCurry, Linda Teri, Eric B. Larson, Gail P. Jarvik, Chris S. Carlson, 8, 6, PloS one, 2013, PMID: 23762230 PMCID: PMC3677889,
  • ATHENA: the analysis tool for heritable and environmental network associations. Emily R. Holzinger, Scott M. Dudek, Alex T. Frase, Sarah A. Pendergrass, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Bioinformatics (Oxford, England), 2013 Oct 27, PMID: 24149050,
  • Assessment of a pharmacogenomic marker panel in a polypharmacy population identified from electronic medical records. Matthew T. Oetjens, Joshua C. Denny, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Niloufar B. Gillani, Danielle M. Richardson, Nicole A. Restrepo, Jill M. Pulley, Holli H. Dilks, Melissa A. Basford, Erica Bowton, Dan R. Masys, Russell A. Wilke, Dan M. Roden, Dana C. Crawford, 14, 7, 735-744, Pharmacogenomics, 2013 May, PMID: 23651022 PMCID: PMC3725600,
  • Fine Mapping and Identification of BMI Loci in African Americans. Jian Gong, Fredrick Schumacher, Unhee Lim, Lucia A. Hindorff, Jeff Haessler, Steven Buyske, Christopher S. Carlson, Stephanie Rosse, Petra Buzkova, Myriam Fornage, Myron Gross, Nathan Pankratz, James S. Pankow, Pamela J. Schreiner, Richard Cooper, Georg Ehret, C. Charles Gu, Denise Houston, Marguerite R. Irvin, Rebecca Jackson, Lew Kuller, Brian Henderson, Iona Ch Lynne Wilkens, Mark Leppert, Cora E. Lewis, Rongling Li, Khanh-Dung H. Nguyen, Robert Goodloe, Eric Farber-Eger, Jonathan Boston, Holli H. Dilks, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Jay Fowke, Loreall Pooler, Misa Graff, Lindsay Fernandez-Rhodes, Barbara Cochrane, Eric Boerwinkle, Charles Kooperberg, Tara C. Matise, Loic Le Marchand, Dana C. Crawford, Christopher A. Haiman, Kari E. North, Ulrike Peters, Copyright (c) 2013 The American Society of Human Genetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved., 93, 4, 661-671, American journal of human genetics, 2013 Oct 3, PMID: 24094743 PMCID: PMC3791273,
  • BioBin: a bioinformatics tool for automating the binning of rare variants using publicly available biological knowledge. Carrie B. Moore, John R. Wallace, Alex T. Frase, Sarah A. Pendergrass, Marylyn D. Ritchie, 6 Suppl 2, BMC medical genomics, 2013, PMID: 23819467 PMCID: PMC3654874,
  • Global increases in both common and rare copy number load associated with autism Santhosh Girirajan, Rebecca L Johnson, Flora Tassone, Jorune Balciuniene, Neerja Katiyar, Keolu Fox, Carl Baker, Abhinaya Srikanth, Kian Hui Yeoh, Su Jen Khoo, Therese B Nauth, Robin Hansen, Marylyn Ritchie, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Evan E Eichler, Isaac N Pessah, Scott B Selleck, 22, 14, 2870-2880, Human molecular genetics, 1460-2083, Jul 15, 2013, PMID: 23535821 PMCID: PMC3690969,
  • ATHENA: Identifying interactions between different levels of genomic data associated with cancer clinical outcomes using grammatical evolution neural network. Dokyoon Kim, Ruowang Li, Scott M. Dudek, Marylyn D. Ritchie, 6, 1, BioData mining, 2013, PMID: 24359638 PMCID: PMC3912499,